Monday, 16 March 2015

The Apollo 13: American Apollo Space Program - History Documentary Films

Apollo 13 was the seventh manned mission in the American Apollo space program and the 3rd planned to arrive on the Moon. The craft was introduced on April 11, 1970, at 13:13 CST from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, yet the lunar landing was aborted after an oxygen tank blew up 2 days later, crippling the Service Module (SM) whereupon the Command Module (CM) depended. In spite of hardship caused by minimal power, loss of log cabin warmth, shortage of drinkable water, as well as the critical should jury-rig the carbon dioxide extraction system, the workers returned securely to Earth on April 17.

The trip was regulated by James A. Lovell with John L. "Jack" Swigert as Command Module Pilot and Fred W. Haise as Lunar Module Pilot. Swigert was a late replacement for the original CM pilot Ken Mattingly, which was based by the trip surgeon after direct exposure to German measles.

The 4 outboard engines and the third-stage engine burned longer to compensate, as well as the car achieved quite close to the planned round 100 maritime miles (190 km) vehicle parking orbit, followed by a normal translunar shot concerning two hours later on. Pogo oscillations had been viewed on previous Titan rockets, as well as additionally on the Saturn V throughout Apollo 6, but on Apollo 13, they were intensified by an unanticipated communication with turbopump cavitation. These consisted of addition of a helium-gas tank to the facility engine liquid oxygen line to moisten tension oscillations, an automatic cutoff as a backup, and also simplification of the propellant shutoffs of all five second-stage engines.

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