Monday, 16 March 2015

Coal Mines - History Documentary Films

The objective of coal mining is to get charcoal and in some cases various other sources from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy material, and, since the 1880s, has been widely used to create electricity. Steel and cement industries make use of coal as an energy for removal of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United States, United Kingdom, and South Africa, a charcoal mine and its structures are a colliery. In Australia, "colliery" usually describes an underground coal mine.

Coal mining has had numerous developments over the recent years, from the early days of guys tunneling, digging and manually drawing out the coal on carts to huge open cut and lengthy wall mines. Mining at this scale needs the use of draglines, vehicles, shearers, jacks and conveyors.

Tiny scale mining of surface area deposits goes back thousands of years. As an example, in Roman Britain, the Romans were exploiting all major coalfields (conserve those of North and South Staffordshire) by the late 2nd century AD. While much of its usage stayed regional, a lively trade developed along the North Sea shore supplying charcoal to Yorkshire and London.

The Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain in the 18th century, and later dispersed to continental Europe and North America, was based on the availability of coal to power vapor engines. The brand-new mines that increased up in the 19th century depended on children and men to function lengthy hours in often harmful working conditions.

The oldest constantly worked deep-mine in the United Kingdom is Tower Colliery in South Wales valleys in the heart of the South Wales coalfield. This colliery was established in 1805, and its miners got it out at the end of the 20th century, to avoid it from being shut. Tower Colliery was finally closed on 25 January 2008, although manufacturing continues at the Aberpergwm drift mine possessed by Walter Energy.

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