Monday, 16 March 2015

Diamond Mines - How are diamonds mined and formed? Documentary Film

In mineralogy, diamond is a metastable allotrope of carbon, where the carbon atoms are prepared in a variation of the face-centered cubic crystal framework called a ruby lattice. Those properties figure out the major commercial application of diamond in reducing and brightening tools and the scientific applications in diamond knives and diamond anvil cells.

As a result of its extremely firm lattice, it can be contaminated by quite couple of kinds of pollutants, such as boron and nitrogen. Percentages of problems or contaminations (concerning one each million of lattice atoms) color diamond blue (boron), yellow (nitrogen), brown (lattice problems), green (radiation exposure), purple, pink, red or orange. Diamond additionally has fairly high optical dispersion (ability to disperse light of different colors).

Diamonds can likewise be created synthetically in a HPHT method which about replicates the disorders in the Earth's mantle. Numerous non-diamond products, which include cubic zirconia and silicon carbide and are often called diamond simulants, look like diamond in look and lots of properties. Unique gemological strategies have actually been developed to identify natural, synthetic rubies and ruby simulants.

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